Intravitreal Aflibercept for Treatment-Resistant Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: 12-Month Safety and Efficacy Outcomes
Ophthalmic Res. 2015;55(2):84-90. doi: 10.1159/000440886. Epub 2015 Dec 5.
Chang AA 1 , Broadhead GK, Hong T, Joachim N, Syed A, Schlub TE, Toth L, Peto T, Zhu M.
To prospectively assess the safety and efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept for treatment-resistant neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).
This prospective, non-randomized clinical trial included 49 patients with treatment-resistant nAMD who received 2 mg intravitreal aflibercept as 3 monthly loading doses, followed by injections every 2 months over 12 months. Inclusion criteria included active nAMD on fluorescein angiography at baseline and persistent intra- or subretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography (OCT) for; 6 months prior to baseline with a minimum of 4 injections of bevacizumab and/or ranibizumab. Patients were assessed monthly for best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT) measured with OCT and occurrence of adverse events. Retinal pigment epithelium atrophy (RPEA) was assessed at baseline and at 12 months.
Mean BCVA improved by 4.7 letters (95% CI: 2.1-7.3, p < 0.001) and CRT decreased by 97.2µm (95% CI: 54.4-140.1, p < 0.001) at 12 months compared to baseline. Median RPEA area increased by 0.48 mm2 (range = -0.1 to 19.9, p < 0.001). There was 1 arterial thromboembolic event and 2 cases of submacular haemorrhage.
In this cohort of treatment-resistant nAMD patients, intravitreal aflibercept was effective in improving vision and reducing exudation. Early visual and anatomic outcomes may predict longer-term response to treatment, but further assessment is required.
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