Intravitreal Ranibizumab for neovascular Age-related macular degeneration in clinical practice: five-year treatment outcomes.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2015 Aug;253(8):1217-25. doi: 10.1007/s00417-014-2799-8. Epub 2014 Sep 10.
Zhu M 1 , Chew JK, Broadhead GK, Luo K, Joachim N, Hong T, Syed A, Chang AA.
Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents are the established standard of care for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). However, data on long-term outcomes of this therapy are limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the visual and anatomical outcomes and safety profile of intravitreal ranibizumab in treating nAMD over a period of five years.
208 patients (208 eyes) were included in this retrospective case series study. Intervention was an "as-needed" treatment model. Visual acuity (VA), central macular thickness (CMT), ophthalmic examination, and adverse events (AEs) were assessed in each visit. Snellen VA was converted to Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters for analysis.
The average VA improved by 1.9 letters after one year (p ≤ 0.017), and decreased by 2.4 letters over five years of treatment (p = 0.043). At the end of year five, 11.1 % of patients (23/208) had improved VA by more than 15 letters and 68.8 % (143/208) had VA improvement or loss less than or equal to 15 letters, while 20.2 % of patients (42/208) had a loss of more than 15 letters. Patients with VA of less than 35 letters at baseline showed significant VA improvement after five years of treatment. There was a positive relationship between injection numbers and VA improvement over the five-year period, after adjusting for age and baseline VA (p ≤ 0.0005). Mean CMT decreased by 28.3 μm (p ≤ 0.0005) over five years. Ocular AEs, serious adverse events (SAEs), and systemic SAEs occurred in 4.6 %, 0.48 %, and 2 % of patients, respectively, during the follow-up period.
The use of intravitreal ranibizumab in an as-needed treatment regimen over a five-year period was effective in maintaining vision in patients with nAMD and in reducing macular thickness, with a relatively low rate of adverse and serious adverse events.
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