Bahrami B, Hong T, Schlub TE, Chang AA. Aflibercept For Persistent Diabetic Macular Edema: Forty-Eight–Week Outcomes. Retina. 2019 Jan 1;39(1):61-8.
To evaluate functional and anatomical outcomes after a switch from intravitreal bevacizumab to aflibercept in patients with persistent diabetic macular edema.
Prospective, single-arm, open-label clinical trial of patients with persistent diabetic macular edema, despite previous treatment with bevacizumab. Five loading doses of intravitreal aflibercept were administered every 4 weeks with subsequent injections administered every 8 weeks. Patients were reviewed every 4 weeks, and best-corrected visual acuity and central macular thickness were recorded. Primary outcome measures included change in central macular thickness and best-corrected visual acuity at week 48 compared with baseline. Paired t-tests were used to assess change between baseline and follow-up visits.
At baseline, 43 eyes from 43 patients were recruited with a median (interquartile range) of 12 (7-24) previous intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections over a period of 18 (8-34) months. Mean ± SD central macular thickness reduced by 59 ± 114 μm (P = 0.002), and best-corrected visual acuity improved by 3.9 ± 7.0 letters (P = 0.001) after 48 weeks in the 41 patients who completed the trial. Best-corrected visual acuity improvements were more marked in patients who gained ≥5 letters after the first injection (8.9 ± 5.7 vs. 1.8 ± 6.5 letter gain at 48 weeks, P = 0.002), a difference which remained significant after regression analysis with baseline best-corrected visual acuity . Vision gains and central macular thickness reduction were similar in 9 fellow eyes eligible for inclusion being concurrently treated for diabetic macular edema with bevacizumab.
Intravitreal aflibercept was effective in improving anatomical and visual outcomes among patients with an incomplete response to intravitreal bevacizumab with 48 weeks of follow-up. Patients with a good early response subsequent to switching had a better improvement in vision at 48 weeks.