Paul R, Simunovic M, Dawkins R, Bhullar G, Essex R, Chang A, Allen P. Early vitrectomy in endophthalmitis. In clinical and experimental ophthalmology 2019 Nov 1 (vol. 47, pp. 155-155). 111 river st, hoboken 07030-5774, nj usa: wiley.

Paul R, Simunovic M, Dawkins R, Bhullar G, Essex R, Chang A, Allen P. Early vitrectomy in endophthalmitis. In clinical and experimental ophthalmology 2019 Nov 1 (vol. 47, pp. 155-155). 111 river st, hoboken 07030-5774, nj usa: wiley.

Purpose:
In this study, we report the treatment outcomes of complete and early vitrectomy for endophthalmitis (CEVE) after cataract surgery as the predominate initial treatment, accompanied by systemic antibiotics and retreatment of persistent or recurrent purulence (CEVE

Methods:
Clinical features and microbiological factors were retrospectively reviewed in 62 eyes of 62 patients who were treated for acute postcataract endophthalmitis (APCE) occurring within three weeks of cataract surgery at Retina Specialists of Alabama, between 2007 and 2017.

Results:
Visual acuity on presentation included light perception (LP) in 18 eyes (29%) and hand motion (HM) in 23 eyes (37%). Initial treatment was maximum possible vitrectomy in 48 eyes (77%) and tap-and-inject in 14 eyes (23%), with 38 eyes (61%) receiving two or more treatments. Cultures for the first intervention were positive in 49 eyes (79%) and virulent in 18 eyes (29%). At a median follow-up time of five months, final visual acuity was ≥20/40 in 49 eyes (79%), between 20/50 and 5/200 in seven eyes (11%), and <5/200 in six eyes (10%). Virulence was the strongest predictor of poor visual outcome. Retinal detachment occurred in four eyes (6%), likely from necrotic retinal defects in each case.

Conclusion:
Complete and early vitrectomy is a safe and effective initial treatment for APCE. When accompanied by systemic antibiotics and retreatment (CEVE+) of recurrent media opacification, it improves recovery of 20/40 or better visual acuity by approximately 50% compared to a predominantly tap-and-inject treatment paradigm. We recommend CEVE for fundus-obscuring APCE (~75% of all cases) whenever the view is inadequate to rule out macular distress.

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