Spooner K, Fraser-Bell S, Hong T, Chang A. Optical-coherence tomography angiography and ultrawide-field angiography findings in eyes with refractory macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion switched to aflibercept: A subanalysis from a 48-week prospective study. Taiwan J Ophthalmol. 2020 [Epub ahead of print]
To evaluate anatomical changes on ultra-wide-field fluorescein-angiography and optical coherence angiography (OCT-A) among a cohort with treatment-resistant macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusions (RVO) switched to aflibercept.
Materials and methods:
Patients with persistent macular edema despite previous bevacizumab and/or ranibizumab were switched to aflibercept in a 48-week prospective trial. Ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiography (UWFFA) and OCT-A were performed at baseline, week-24 and week-48. The ischemic index was calculated from UWFFA and the areas of vascular perfusion. The foveal avascular zone (FAZ) were quantitatively evaluated on OCT-A.
Eighteen patients (mean age, 70.3±8.6 years) were recruited. Mean central macular thickness (CMT) was significantly reduced at 48-weeks compared to baseline (-87.6±48.8 μm, P < 0.001 and -191.0±128.3μm, P < 0.001 among BRVO and CRVO eyes, respectively). The mean baseline ischemic index as measured on Optos wide-field angiography was 10.9%±8.3 and decreased to 5.7%±4.2 (P = 0.028), at week 48. The mean FAZ areas of the SCP and DCP reduced by -0.06 ± 0.12 mm 2 and -0.17± 0.45 mm 2 , respectively. FAZ area on OCT-A was stable in eyes with stable or improved vision but increased in size in eyes with baseline macular ischemia and those with lower gains in BCVA at week 48 (R 2 =0.719, P = 0.05 and R 2 =0.516, P = 0.01).
There was a reduction in macular edema measured on OCT at 48-weeks in eyes switched to aflibercept with chronic macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion. There was also a reduction in retinal ischemia as measured using UWFFA.