Spooner K, Fraser‐Bell S, Hong T, Chang A. Prospective study of aflibercept for the treatment of persistent macular oedema secondary to retinal vein occlusions in eyes not responsive to long‐term treatment with bevacizumab or ranibizumab. Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology. 2019 Sep;48(1):53-60.

Spooner K, Fraser‐Bell S, Hong T, Chang A. Prospective study of aflibercept for the treatment of persistent macular oedema secondary to retinal vein occlusions in eyes not responsive to long‐term treatment with bevacizumab or ranibizumab. Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology. 2020 Jan;48(1):53-60.

Abstract

Importance: To examine the effect of switching from intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab to aflibercept in eyes with persistent macular oedema due to retinal vein occlusion (RVO).

Background: We report the results of a prospective interventional study on the effect of aflibercept 2 mg in eyes with persistent macular oedema after long-term treatment with bevacizumab or ranibizumab.

Design: Non-randomized, prospective clinical trial.

Participants: Eighteen eyes of eighteen patients were included.

Methods: Eyes with persistent macular oedema despite a minimum of four previous intravitreal bevacizumab/ranibizumab injections were recruited into this 48-week trial. Three loading doses of intravitreal aflibercept were administered every 4-weeks, thereafter every 8-weeks until week 48.

Main outcome measures: Mean change from baseline in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) as measured by early treatment diabetic retinopathy score (ETDRS) and central macular thickness (CMT) as measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) at 48 weeks.

Results: Patients had received a mean of 40.0 ± 17.8 bevacizumab/ranibizumab intravitreal injections prior to switching to aflibercept. The mean number of previous injections administered in the 12-months preceding entry into the study was 10.2 ± 2.4. Mean vision change at week 48 was +21.1 ± 5.1 ETDRS letters in the BRVO group and +18.8 ± 5.9 letters at in the CRVO group (P < .001 for both groups). Mean decrease in CMT was 87.6 ± 48.8 μm and 191.0 ± 128.3 μm, in the BRVO and CRVO groups, respectively (P < .001). Using linear regression analyses, a higher number of previous intravitreal ranibizumab/bevacizumab injections and thicker pre-switch CMT were correlated with greater visual gains.

Conclusion and relevance: Switching to aflibercept from bevacizumab or ranibizumab in eyes with persistent macular oedema due to RVO can lead to functional and anatomical improvement. This effect was more obvious in eyes with a greater CMT prior to the switch.

Keywords: aflibercept; anti-VEGF; macular oedema; retinal vein occlusion (RVO).

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